This year my son entered the 5th grade and had a little trouble in math. Not anything that threatened him failing, but problem enough that it could affect his performance in the future if he did not get the concepts this year. I found with him that what really works is making him do problems, and do them correctly on concepts that he is having difficulty with. He's smart and understands it, he's just a boy and flies through things at warp speed so he can go play basketball with his friends.
This was the case the other day when he was struggling with fractions. I wrote down a whole bunch of practice problems and made them a little tougher than the ones I knew he would get in class. For each problem he got wrong he would do two more problems. It worked great because he wanted so desperately to not have to do more that he got them all right.
If you are a concerned parent with a 5th grader, I have included a basic curriculum of 5th grade math:
Place value and number sense-determining the value of different digits and knowing what numbers mean.
Fractions and mixed numbers-understanding fractions in the form of mixed numbers and improper fractions.
Geometry-shapes and their measurements.
Add and subtract fractions-adding and subtraction improper fractions and mixed numbers-understand.
Decimals-understanding what decimals mean.
Multiply fractions-muliplying fractions as mixed numbers and improper fractions.
Addition and subtraction-adding and subtracting large numbers.
Divide fractions-understanding how to divide fractions.
Mixed operations-add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
Add and subtract decimals-using decimals to add and subtract.
Algebra-elementary algebraic concepts.
Multiplication-multiplying decimal, fractions, and whole numbers.
Coordinate Graphs-understanding the basics of graphs.
Multiply decimals-decimal multiplication.
Data, charts, and graphs-understanding various displays of data.
Division-using the division algorithm
Consumer math-math of percentages, sales, and other life applications.
Ratios, proportions, and percents-understanding ratios, proportions, and percents.
Division with decimals-understanding how to do division with decimals.
Problem solving-using various skills to calculate problems.
Measurement-identifying, converting between, and using measurements.
Number theory-prime numbers and LCM
Time-understanding units of time and using calculations with time.
Probability and statistics-calculating basic probability and statistics and making predictions.